Quick Answer: What Is Considered A Public Document?

Is post mortem report a public document?

The report cannot be held to be a record of Medical Officer of his official “Act” for the use of the public.

It is well settled that the post-mortem report or an injury report is not substantive evidence.

It has to be proved by the maker of it.

It cannot, therefore, be termed as a public document as envisaged under S..

Who can prove a document?

That can only be proved by somebody who knows about the document itself or who was a party to making the document or had verified the document or approved it or signed it with knowledge of its contents. This is because evidence must be direct primary evidence under Sections 60 to 62 of the Act. “16….

How can you prove falsification of public documents?

The SC cited Article 171(2) of the Revised Penal Code, enumerating the elements that the prosecution must prove to be held criminally liable for the crime of falsification of public documents: (1) that the offender is a public officer, employee, or notary public, (2) that he takes advantage of his official position, (3 …

What is the difference between public and private documents?

Difference Between Public and Private Documents Private Document is in the hands of the individual to whom the document belongs to and is not available for inspection to the general public. Public Documents are proved by Secondary Evidence. Private Documents are proved by original i.e. Primary Evidence.

What are examples of private information?

Examples of personal information a person’s name, address, phone number or email address. a photograph of a person. a video recording of a person, whether CCTV or otherwise, for example, a recording of events in a classroom, at a train station, or at a family barbecue. a person’s salary, bank account or financial …

What do you mean by previewing a document?

Preview is a computing function to display a document, page, or film before it is produced in its final form. In the case of printed material this is known as “print preview”.

What are considered public documents in the Philippines?

Specifically, a public document is a document the execution of which a person in authority or notary public takes part (Bermejo vs. Barrios, 31 SCRA 764). In addition, the Rules of Court (Section 19, Rule 132) also provided examples of public documents.

Is PAN card a public document?

Permanent account number (PAN) card (income tax) Driving license in India issued by the states. Ration card issued by the Government of India. … Service Identity Card issued by State/Central Government, Public Sector Undertakings, local bodies or public Limited Companies.

How do you prove public documents?

Public documents are proved by the following methods. The are proved by obtaining certified copy as provided in section 76 and this is regarded as original. In the case of Rammapa vs. Bajjappa (AIR 1963 SC the court held that a certified copy of public document can be received in evidence and without proof.

Can a private document be converted to a public documents?

The notarization of a document carries considerable legal effect. Notarization of a private document converts such document into a public one, and renders it admissible in court without further proof of its authenticity.

What is an example of a public document?

Some Examples of Public Documents Some of the examples of public documents are birth register, electoral roll, RTI reports, records of banks, charge sheet, deposition of witness, entry in Register of Power of attorney, notice under Section 107 of CrPC, record of information under Section 145 of CrPC.

Are pleadings public documents?

Clearly, the pleadings or even private documents filed before the various Courts/ Tribunals/ Authorities would not make such documents ‘public’. However, orders or decrees passed by the Courts/ Tribunals/ Authorities are public document, as they are the record of the acts of such Courts/ Tribunals/ Authorities.

What Republic Act is falsification public documents?

Under Article 171 in relation to Article 172 of the Revised Penal Code, the crime of falsification of document may be committed, among other things, by counterfeiting or imitating any handwriting, signature or rubric or causing it to appear that persons have participated in an act or proceeding when they did not in …

How many types of fir are there?

two kindsThere are two kinds of FIRs as per Criminal Procedure Code.

Is fir a public document?

“FIR is a public document, however, to obtain a copy of FIR from the police is not an easy task for the general public.