Quick Answer: What Is The Genitive Case In Russian?

What is the accusative case in Latin?

The accusative case is the case for the direct object of transitive verbs, the internal object of any verb (but frequently with intransitive verbs), for expressions indicating the extent of space or the duration of time, and for the object of certain prepositions..

What is the instrumental case in Russian?

In Russian, the instrumental case is used to indicate how something is done. In English we commonly use the words “by” or “with” to do this. You would use the instrumental in a sentence like “we went there by car”.

What is a dative case?

The dative case refers to the case used for a noun or pronoun that is an indirect object. The dative case uses noun and pronouns as objects. The dative case is also called one of the objective cases.

How do you form the genitive case in Russian?

Forming the genitive of Russian nouns is pretty easy. You will need to remove the last vowel from the nominative singular of a noun and add one of the following endings: -а, -я, -и, -ы (singular); -ов, -ев, -ей (plural). If the noun ends in a consonant, just add the appropriate ending.

How do you use the dative case in Russian?

The dative case is used in Russian for the indirect object of a sentence. In the sentence “Adam gave flowers to Anna”, the word “Anna” should be in the dative case.

Which language has the most cases?

HungarianHungarian has the highest amount of cases than any language with 18 grammatical cases.

How many cases are in Russian language?

six casesMaia Nikitina is a writer and Russian language translator. She holds a Diploma in Translation (IoLet Level 7) from the Chartered Institute of Linguists. The Russian language has six cases to show what function a noun has in a sentence: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and prepositional.

What is accusative case example?

For example, Hund (dog) is a masculine (der) word, so the article changes when used in the accusative case: Ich habe einen Hund. (lit., I have a dog.) In the sentence “a dog” is in the accusative case as it is the second idea (the object) of the sentence.

How do you know what case to use in Russian?

The Cases of Russian NounsThe nominative case answers the questions “who?” or “what?”. … The genitive case is used to show that something (somebody) belongs or refers to something (somebody). … The dative case designates that something is given or addressed to the person (object).More items…

What are the six cases in Russian?

Nominal declension involves six cases – nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and prepositional – in two numbers (singular and plural), and absolutely obeying grammatical gender (masculine, feminine, and neuter).

What are cases in Russian?

The Russian language has six cases: nominative, accusative, prepositional, genitive, dative, and instrumental. In each case, words have a form for singular and a form for plural. Therefore, a noun may have 12 forms: 6 forms for singular and 6 forms for plural.

Is Russian hard to learn?

Russian is widely believed to be one of the most difficult languages to learn. … The need to learn the Russian alphabet serves as yet another obstacle for many people who would like to learn the language. They might be surprised to know that the Russian alphabet actually takes only about 10 hours to learn.

How do Russians express age?

How to Talk About Years and Age in RussianIn the Russian language we use 3 different nouns to talk about years: год, года and лет.So, we use a few different nouns to express the word “year”: год, года and лет. … Сколько (how many) + тебе (you in Dative case) + лет (years)?Мне (I in Dative case) + Number + год | года | летExamples:More items…

What does the genitive case mean?

In grammar, the genitive case (abbreviated gen), is the grammatical case that marks a word, usually a noun, as modifying another word, also usually a noun—thus, indicating an attributive relationship of one noun to the other noun.

What is the accusative case in Russian?

The accusative case in Russian is an indirect case and answers the questions кого(kaVOH)—”whom,” and что (CHTO)—”what,” as well as куда (kooDAH), meaning “where.” Its equivalent in English is the accusative, or objective, case (him, her).

What are the cases in Polish?

Polish retains the Old Slavic system of cases for nouns, pronouns, and adjectives. There are seven cases: nominative (mianownik), genitive (dopełniacz), dative (celownik), accusative (biernik), instrumental (narzędnik), locative (miejscownik), and vocative (wołacz).

What is the dative case in Russian?

The dative case in Russian is the third case out of the six Russian cases and serves to indicate the emotional or physical state of a noun or a pronoun. It also has a directional function. The dative case answers the questions кому (kaMOO)—”to whom” and чему (chyMOO)—”to what”.